When I first visited the upper YunnanProvince, my longstanding interests in ancient and primitive art, nature, icons, poetry, and spiritual expression came together in the hieroglyphs that over the years became part of the Chinese and Japanese languages. These ideograms are like compact little poems all in themselves, as well as a window into a vast history. For example, take the ideogram that means "brave." It is made up of two pictures, the bottom a muscle tendon that by itself means strength, but then added above is a flower blossoming. My fascination has grown the more I practice the meditative discipline of calligraphy, and the more I study the ancient Taoist wilderness poets that use these dense symbols to create rich spacial poetry. I combine lines from these poems with abstract shapes, but suggestive of landscapes, and let the viewer enter the piece and experience them as one would experience a Taoist poem.